Transport of goods relies on a logistical supply chain. The overall cost may include, for example, the price of pre and post-transportation such as land transport costs (road, rail and river), shipping commissions, insurance, forwarding partners, brokers ... and port transit costs.
The services provided by the port itself which often represent less than 5% of the overall transport costs, and are included in the port transit fees.
Defining port transit costs
Port transit costs for shipping include port payments but also various services rendered to the ship (steering, mooring, towing).
Port dues - ships
These fees are imposed on all commercial vessels and cruise ships disembarking, loading or transferring passengers or goods.
The base fee for ships depends on the length, width and maximum draft of the ship.
For each type of vessel (ocean liner, container ship, oil tanker etc. ...), a specific fee is applied to the volume of the ship on entering and leaving the port (euro per cubic metre).
Discounts may be given according to the importance of the stopover in the port (the ratio between the tonnage unloaded or loaded and the volume of the vessel), the frequency of stopovers and whether a new service is created as part of a regular route.
Port dues - goods
These fees are imposed on goods unloaded, loaded or transported. Taxation for gross weight (Euro per ton) or unit (animals, vehicles, containers) is specific to each type of good.
Port dues - passengers
These fees are imposed on each passenger embarking, disembarking or in transit in Port of Bordeaux.
Tools and handling
Fees are directly invoiced by the handling companies.
Other private stakeholders for vessel services
Every vessel entering or leaving the Gironde is subject to compulsory pilotage. The pilotage company applies a tariff based on the volume of the vessel and the terminal destination of the ship.
The mooring service is obligatory (to perform the docking and undocking of ships along the quays).
Each ship master is free to choose whether or not to call upon the assistance of the towing company at the port, except in cases where assistance of one or more tugs is imposed by the Harbour Master. Moreover, in regard to oil tankers, special provisions have been put in place by the Gironde Prefecture.